Thursday, February 23, 2012

Upper Palaeolithic in India

The evidences of Upper palaeolithic period has been found in India in states of AndhraPradesh,Uttar Pradesh,Karnataka,Jharkhand,Maharashtra and in Madhyapradesh.It is also found in some places in West Bengal.The most convincing evidence for the period is found at Kurnool and Chittoor districts of Andhrapradesh.But there is absence of stratigraphic evidence.

Tool types made mainly of bones discovered at Betamcherla caves in Kurnool.Here stratigraphic evidence in the form of mesolithic tool types in the top with Upper Palaeolithic tool types below has been discovered.In Chittoor district at Renigunta near Rallakalva river tool types representing Upper paleolithic culture have been discovered such as blades,burin,points,scrapers and choppers and flakes.At Yerragondapalem in Prakasam district many tool types representing upper Paleolithic culture have been discovered.In Uttar Pradesh at Belan valley stratigraphical evidence for the presence of upper paleolithic culture seems to have been discovered.Sholapur doab in Karnataka few tool type represting upper paleolithic culture seems to have been discovered.At Singhbhum in Jharkhand stratigraphic evidence has been unearthed.There is lot of variation in tool types and frequency of tools in each of the various sites providing evidence of upper paleolithic culture.

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