Sunday, February 26, 2012

Integration of tribes in Indian society

India has many tribes and constitutes 7% of Indian population.Their culture,institutions,values,beliefs and way of life was so different from others that a special policy was required to integrate them in Indian society.British always had followed the isolation policy.India's first Prime Minister,Jawaharlal Nehru advocated a five point tribal policy which was the first step towards integration of tribals into the society.He stressed on the freedom of tribals to develop their own genius,preservation of rights in land and forests and continuance of traditional tribal institutions.

Integration means combination of diverse elements of perception leading to happy synthesis of culture.In pursuance of this policy many common programmes for tribals were undertaken.In recent years several legislation and policy decisions were taken to give ownership of land and forest produce to them.The reservations in educational institutions and other government set up is another step in direction of bringing tribals at par with other general population.

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