Wednesday, February 1, 2012

Middle Palaeolithic Culture of India

The Middle Palaeolithic culture of India has not been observed in India unlike Lower Palaeolithic and Upper Palaeolithic culture.However the site Nevasa in Maharashtra reveals the stratigraphical evidence of Middle Palaeolithic and hence the term Nevasian Culture is given to the Middle Palaeolithic culture in India.The Nevasa site is located on the banks of the river Pravara which is the tributary of River Godavari.The tools belonging to the Lower Palaeolithic culture such as hand-axes and cleavers were found in a thin basal gravel resting over the rock while another layer of gravel,fine and less cemented superimposed over it yielded tools belonging to the Middle Palaeolithic such as scrapers,points and few blade like tools.

Another important site on river Godavari is the Kalegaon where the palaeontological evidence supports the presence of Middle Palaeolithic culture in chronological order.The tool types in shape of pebble tools such as hand-axes and flake tools such as borers,scrapers and points have been found here.Also few blade tools like the burins have been found.

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