A group of radical American anthropologists wrote a series of essays in Reinventing Anthropology in 1969 which was edited by Dell Hymes.This was motivated by the general political climate of the 1960s - the war in Vietnam,civil rights issues and protests in US.It called for a programme of reform in Anthropology and became part of the contemporary discourse of anthropology.
Reinventing Anthropology's reform elements led to multiple interpretations and approaches.
Reporting back meant not only the study of the impact of colonialism on the other but studying its consequences within the west a rather different approach to the routine anthropology within western society.
Reflexive anthropology made the process of studying visible by a change in methods of recording and writing field data to enable the voice of the studied to be heard and let them speak for themselves.It has become the self-scrutiny of the anthropologist.
Advocacy anthropology led to the switch from disengaged to engaged study,participation with the economic,political,human rights and land rights predicaments of the people studied by anthropologists.