Monday, April 23, 2012

Kinship Organization in India - Prof Irawati Karve

In Kinship Organization in India Prof Irawati Karve states the composition of joint family as there are three or four generations of males related to a male ego as grandfather and his brothers,father and his brothers,brother's and cousins,sons and nephews and wives of all these male relatives  plus the ego's own unmarried sisters and daughters.Prof Karve has followed the classical  three or four generation formula but she does not include the generation of the common ancestor,the great grandfather in the number of generations and does not mention unmarried males at all.This means for formula of the genealogical depth  of the joint family is deeper than the classical formula.

She mentions for the joint family of the formula almost all the functional characteristics generally mentioned in the description of the joint family household of the maximum depth and she also makes remarks about the general nature of life in such a household.She mentions that every joint family has an ancestral seat or locus which some members may leave for an indefinite period.

prof Karve also refers to ten or twelve houses each sheltering a joint family all together acknowledging common descent and capable of showing relationship through one line,i.e lineage.She uses the term family for many different kinds of kinship groups including lineage and clan.She states that when joint families  of the two types split they split into smaller joint families made up of a man ,his wife ,children and sons sons and daughters or a man ,his sons and daughters and a couple of younger brothers.According to her method of counting generations joint families of both these types would be two -generation units whereas according to others  they would be three-generation units.

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