The term pattern is used for those arrangements or systems of internal relationship which give to any culture its coherence or plan and keep it from being a mere accumulation of random bits.
The total system or the ideology of patterning is called a configuration.Kroeber has distinguished two major kinds of patterns.
Basic or systemic patterns- these are those that have persisted for years and years as coherent organizations of traits with functional value like agriculture,alphabet
Secondary patterns-these are those that are subject to a great variety and instability like system of thought.
Kroeber in his indepth study of culture published Configurations of Culture Growth wherein he traces the growth of each pattern of culture on wide scale.
Ruth Benedict in her Patterns of Culture adds a new dimension to the two types of patterns discribed by Kroeber.She refers to those qualities of cultural organization which come to pervade all or most spheres of some cultures and give them a distinctive individual slant.She made use of psychological theories to characterize the individual patterns of culture.She named two major kinds of cultures: Apollonian and Dionysain.The former type of culture emphazied order and restraint in individual and collective behaviour while the latter type of cultures emphasized emotional and sensory experiences.
Ralph Linton describes four dimensions of culture
The form of culture trait or complex is what can be perceived by the senses and objectively described.
The meaning of its subjective associations in the culture,implicit and explicit.
Its use is its relation to things outside the society and culture as expressible in physical terms.
Its function is its relation within society and culture.
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In all the cultures and societies marriage is not entirely of free choice because the institution of marriage is socially derived and social...
Bride wealth is a form of marriage exchange involving giving cash or goods by the bridegroom's kin to the bride's kin to settle a m...
Anthropologist George Murdock (1945) distinguished between cultural universals and particulars. Cultural universals are those things tha...
Sororate and Levirate systems bear out of the marriage is an alliance between two groups than between individuals.These two systems help to ...
The Book 'Argonauts of the Western Pacific' is about one set of activities of the Trobriand Islanders which they call Kula.They and ...
- ► 2013 (24)
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- Pre-history and Proto- history
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- J.C Frazer - The Golden Bough
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- Social Network
- The Integration of Culture by Ruth Benedict
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- Julian Steward ( 1902-72)
- Earliest Human Ancestors
- Copper Bronze Age
- Polygyny and Polyandry
- The Levirate and Sororate System
- Marriage- Hypergamy and Hypogamy
- Social Institutions
- Cultural Ecology
- Theories on Origin of Modern Humans
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- Iroquois System of Kinship
- Eskimo System of Kinship
- Hawaiian System of Kinship
- Textual Approach and Contextual Approach
- Robert Redfield
- Patterns of culture
- Social value of Family
- Components of Culture
- Extended Family
- Nuclear Family
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- ▼ January (61)