The term pattern is used for those arrangements or systems of internal relationship which give to any culture its coherence or plan and keep it from being a mere accumulation of random bits.
The total system or the ideology of patterning is called a configuration.Kroeber has distinguished two major kinds of patterns.
Basic or systemic patterns- these are those that have persisted for years and years as coherent organizations of traits with functional value like agriculture,alphabet
Secondary patterns-these are those that are subject to a great variety and instability like system of thought.
Kroeber in his indepth study of culture published Configurations of Culture Growth wherein he traces the growth of each pattern of culture on wide scale.
Ruth Benedict in her Patterns of Culture adds a new dimension to the two types of patterns discribed by Kroeber.She refers to those qualities of cultural organization which come to pervade all or most spheres of some cultures and give them a distinctive individual slant.She made use of psychological theories to characterize the individual patterns of culture.She named two major kinds of cultures: Apollonian and Dionysain.The former type of culture emphazied order and restraint in individual and collective behaviour while the latter type of cultures emphasized emotional and sensory experiences.
Ralph Linton describes four dimensions of culture
The form of culture trait or complex is what can be perceived by the senses and objectively described.
The meaning of its subjective associations in the culture,implicit and explicit.
Its use is its relation to things outside the society and culture as expressible in physical terms.
Its function is its relation within society and culture.
Aboriginal (1) Acheulian tool (1) Age-Groups (1) Alliance (1) Animatism (1) anthropology (1) Anthropology of Art (1) Ashrama system (1) Associations (1) Attributes of Culture (1) autochthony (1) avoidance (1) Basics (1) bio ethics (1) biological adaptation (1) Birsa Movement (1) Bongaism (1) branches of anthropology (1) Bride Wealth (1) Cargo Cults (1) Castes among Muslims (1) Catholics (1) civilization (1) Clifford Geertz (2) Cognitive Anthropology (1) Compadrazgo (1) Cope's law (1) Cross Cousin (1) cultural anthrology (1) Cultural Borrowings (1) cultural citizenship (1) Cultural Ecology (1) Cultural imperialism (1) Cultural Materialism (1) cultural rights (1) culture (2) Culture and Motive (1) Darwinism (1) Demographic Transition (1) Derek Freeman (1) descent (2) Deviance (1) Diffusionism (1) DNA (1) DNA Technology (1) dollo's law (1) Dormitories (1) Dowry (1) Durkheim (1) Early Human Ancestors (1) Eco System Concept (1) Ecological Anthropology (1) Edward Sapir (1) emic/etic (1) Endogamy (1) Environment (1) Eskimo System of Kinship (1) Ethnicity (1) Ethnocentric (1) ethnoecology (1) Ethnographic Monographs (1) ethnography (1) Evans Pritchard (2) Evolutionism (1) Exogamy (1) Extended family (1) family (2) Female Genital Mutilation (1) Feminism (1) field studies (1) fieldwork (1) Flake Culture (1) folklore (1) fossil (1) Functional Theories on Primitive Religion (1) Gause's law (1) gender bias (1) Gender expectations (1) Generalized Exchange (1) Genetic Adaptation (1) Genetic Change (1) Genetic Screening (1) Genetics (1) Genetics and its Relevance to Physical Anthropology (1) George Peter Murdock (1) Hardy-Weinberg Law of Equilibrium (1) Hawaiian System of Kinship (1) Hominids (1) Homo Erectus (1) Homo Habilis (1) Homo Hierarchies (1) honor killing (1) Human Evolution (1) human rights (1) Incest prohibition (1) Independent Invention (1) indian anthropology (1) Indigenous People (1) Indus Valley Civilization (1) Intellectual Property Rights (1) Iroquois System of Kinship (1) J.C Frazer (1) jajmani system (1) Jean Baudrillard (1) Jean Dreze (1) Joint Family (1) Joking Relationship (1) Julian Steward (1) kin (1) Kin Behaviour (1) kindred (1) law (1) Leslie White (1) Levirate (1) Lucy Mair (1) magic science (1) Mandelbaum (1) Marcel Mauss (1) Marett (1) Margaret Mead (1) Marxism and Anthropology (1) Mendelian Principle (1) Michel Foucault (1) Microliths (1) Middle Palaeolithic Culture (1) Migration and tribal communities (1) modernization (1) multiculturalism (1) Mysore (1) myth (1) Nadel (1) Neanderthal Man (1) Non Unilineal or Cognatic Systems (1) Notes and Queries (1) Nuclear Family (1) Nuer (1) Organic evolution (2) origin of state (1) origins (1) Oscar Lewis (1) Paleo River (1) Parallel Cousin (1) Participatory Rapid Assessment (1) Patterns of Culture (1) Pedigree Analysis (1) Polyandry (1) Polygyny (1) Population Genetics (1) Pre-history (1) PreHarrapan settlements (1) primitive (1) profane (1) Proto- history (1) Purushartha (1) Race (2) racism (1) Radcliffe-Brown (1) Recombinant DNA Technology (1) Reflexivity (1) Reinventing Anthropology (1) Religion (2) Religion and science (1) religious beliefs (1) research (1) Restricted Exchange (1) Rhina (1) rig vedic society (1) Robert Redfield (1) Rules of Residence (1) Ruth Benedict (3) sacred (1) Sacred Complex (1) Sacrifice (1) San hunter-gatherers (1) sanction (1) Scheduled Areas (1) scope of anthropology (1) Secret Societies (1) sex-gender (1) Sir James George Frazer (1) Social Institutions (1) Social Network (1) Social-Psychological Perspectives (1) society (1) sorcery (1) Sororate (1) state (1) Status (1) Status of women in tribal society (1) Stebbins (1) stone age communities (1) stone tools (1) Style of Life (1) symbolic culture (1) Symbolism (1) Syncretism (1) Synthetic Perspectives (1) Taboo (1) Teknonymy (1) terraces (1) Textual Approach and Contextual Approach (1) The Golden Bough (1) Thomas Malthus (1) tobacco (1) Totem (1) Trade and Barter (1) Tradition (1) Transactionalism (1) Tribal Religion (1) Tribal Sub plan (1) tribe (1) Upper Palaeolithic (1) Upper Palaeolithic Period (1) urban revolution (1) Urbanization (1) witchcraft (1) world's population 2012 (1)
In all the cultures and societies marriage is not entirely of free choice because the institution of marriage is socially derived and social...
Bride wealth is a form of marriage exchange involving giving cash or goods by the bridegroom's kin to the bride's kin to settle a m...
Anthropologist George Murdock (1945) distinguished between cultural universals and particulars. Cultural universals are those things tha...
Sororate and Levirate systems bear out of the marriage is an alliance between two groups than between individuals.These two systems help to ...
The concept of Sacred Complex was put forth by L.P Vidyarthi in his book The Sacred Complex of Hindu Gaya.He studied the sacred and great tr...
- ► 2013 (24)
- Participatory Learning and Assessment --Participat...
- Concept of Research in Anthropology
- Gender Bias and literacy in women - Jean Dreze
- Modernization-Perspectives -IV
- Modernization -Perspectives III
- Modernization- Perspectives-II
- Studying Modernization in India- Some theoretical ...
- Cultural Materialism
- Flake Culture
- Pre-history and Proto- history
- Sacred Complex- L P Vidyarthi
- Contribution of British Colonial Officers to India...
- Concept of Rhina and Rebirth
- J.C Frazer - The Golden Bough
- Robert Redfield -Little Community
- Environment and Society
- Secret Societies
- Social Network
- The Integration of Culture by Ruth Benedict
- The Science of Custom by Ruth Benedict
- 'Patterns of Culture' by Ruth Benedict
- The Nuer: A Description of the Modes of Livelihood...
- Kula in Argonauts of the Western Pacific( 1922) by...
- Some ideas of Radcliffe-Brown on Social Anthropolo...
- Durkheim and Social Anthropology as discussed by E...
- Julian Steward ( 1902-72)
- Earliest Human Ancestors
- Copper Bronze Age
- Polygyny and Polyandry
- The Levirate and Sororate System
- Marriage- Hypergamy and Hypogamy
- Social Institutions
- Cultural Ecology
- Theories on Origin of Modern Humans
- Sudanese System of Kinship
- Iroquois System of Kinship
- Eskimo System of Kinship
- Hawaiian System of Kinship
- Textual Approach and Contextual Approach
- Robert Redfield
- Patterns of culture
- Social value of Family
- Components of Culture
- Extended Family
- Nuclear Family
- Forms of Exchange
- Cross Cousin and Parallel Cousin
- Classification of Kinship System
- Joking Relationship
- Kin Behaviour
- Non Unilineal or Cognatic Systems
- ▼ January (61)