Tuesday, July 10, 2012

Birsa movement

Birsa Munda a charismatic leader of the Munda tribe headed Munda Tribal movement in 1870.He was seen as saviour who would deliver Munda Raj from the oppressive role of the British who ruled India.The movement with a religious overtone was also pitted against landlords and money lenders.

The fight was to acquire the right of the tribals on communal lands which had been taken away by outsiders towards the close of the 18th century and later.Tribals resented their loss of age-old communal ownership of land,restrictions on entering forests,heavy taxation and impoverishment of tribals by money lenders.

Birsa Munda was taken prisoner and imprisoned in the Ranchi Jail where he breathed his last.The British realised that exploitation of the tribals was at the root of the movement and therefor Chotanagpur Tenancy Act (1908) was passed to protect the tribals.

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